Kosmopoisk (Russian: «Космопо́иск», full name—Общеросси́йская нау́чно-иссле́довательская обще́ственная организа́ция «Космопо́иск», abbreviated as ОНИОО), or Spacesearch, is a self-styled all-Russian public scientific organisation (registered as such in 2004), and an international movement (since 2001) with interests in ufology, cryptozoology, and other mystery investigations.
The organisation has more than 2,500 active members, in more than 100 groups in 25 countries, and has organised more than 250 expeditions since 1980. There is an ongoing dispute about the scientific nature of this organisation, in particular the claims of time machine development made by its leader Vadim Chernobrov.
The organization was founded by Russian science-fiction writer Alexander Kazantsev (1906–2002), aerospace engineer Vadim Chernobrov, astronaut Georgy Beregovoy (1925–1995), and other enthusiasts in order to explore the mysteries of the Universe and nature, research new ways of space technology development, and work on breakthrough branches of science.
The first research in paleoufology (extraterrestrial contacts in humanity's past) were performed by Alexander Kazantsev in 1945. The goal being to find proof that the Tunguska event of 1908 was the result of a UFO crash and explosion.
The first research and expedition group was created in Moscow Aviation Institute in 1980 by Vadim Chernobrov.
The main objectives of the organisation in the 1980s were:
- Collecting information about ufological and anomalous situations in the USSR;
- Alleged developing of 'temporal' technology ('time car')—"Lovondatr" experimental devices;
- Sending expeditions to the most promising anomalous zones.
- Main expeditions became annual (all-Russian conference in May, Bear Hills monitoring June–September);
- Philosophy of 'expeditions hitch-hike' was formed and tested in real long range expeditions (Labynkyr lake (Yakutia)—travel along the abandoned part Kolyma federal road, in December);
- Large database of anomalous events in Russia collected.
- All-Russian organisation registered (the largest non-commercial public research organisation in the world).
The Korenevo event happened in October 1996 in Kaluga Oblast, and was the reason to perform a series of expeditions. The event was expected to be a meteorite fall. Two expeditions were undertaken in 1997, and in 1998–2003 Korenevo was the place where the annual all-Russian conference of Kosmopoisk took place each May. This conference was not only a search for the proposed impact point, but also a way to involve many people (mostly from an educational environment) in a public research process.
Russian Crop Circles
Every year Kosmopoisk performs "monitoring' expeditions in Southern Russia (mostly in Krasnodar Krai) to detect new crop circles and to complete their research before masses of tourists can destroy the evidence.
UfoSETI system was deployed to collect and analyze the reports about UFO spots and crop circle appearing in Russia
She-Bear Ridge (Russian: Медведицкая гряда; Medveditskaya Gryada) is situated in Volgograd Oblast. It is considered to be one of the most impressive anomalous zones in Russia. First expeditions there were performed in early 1980. She-Bear Ridge is known for multiple triangle UFO observations, a so-called "crazy lightnings slope", mysterious underground tunnels, and as a place where first human travel in time was reportedly performed (Lovondatr-7 experiment).
- Search for mysterious creatures in forests ('bigfoot-like') and underwater (Russian Nessie-like creatures).
- 1999: an expedition to the remote Labynkyr Lake (in Sakha Republic), where an underwater monster similar to Nessie has been believed to exist since the 1960s.
- 2002–2003: expeditions to Brosno Lake in Tver Oblast were performed. For centuries, people believed that an underwater creature (the Brosno Dragon, or Brosnya) had lived there. According to the legends, it was spotted by Mongolian invaders for the first time in 13th-century1240. Complete sonar underwater scan and coastal monitoring was performed. The result was summed in a theory of "hydrate bottom" (the Brosno dragon phenomenon is probably caused by massive gas eruptions from the bottom of lake).
- 2002–2004: several expeditions were performed to the places, where bigfoot-like populations are supposed to live. Expedition to Verkhoshizhemye (Kirov Oblast) in 2002 collected data about bigfoot habitat. A probable bigfoot's camp or a temporary living place was found and photographed.
Kyshtym Dwarf (Alyoshenka)
Investigations to define the origin of an unknown being, appeared in the town of Kyshtym (Ural, Russia) in late 1990s. This creature allegedly lived in a house of a mad woman for some time. The dwarf was called Alyoshenka, and this woman cared for him like for her own child. After being left alone, the dwarf died, and his corpse was retrieved by militsiya officers only after a considerable amount of time had passed, which is the reason for very poor condition of the dwarf's body. This body and dwarf's probable origin were a subject of several medical discussions. Russian crime investigator V Bendlin performed a video record of medical councilium about the origin of dwarf's body.
Later the body was stolen by unknown criminals, and it is still not found as of this moment. In 2002, a multi-profile expedition was performed in Kyshtym. This expedition collected data, gathered evidence from witnesses, found a possible UFO landing/crash place, and explored a deep Sugomak cave, where the population of dwarf beings possibly existed in the past.
Ufologists believed the Kyshtym dwarf was a true case of the extraterrestrial. The clergy thought the dwarf was a demon.
Vitim Event Expedition